English
聯系我們
網站地圖
郵箱
舊版回顧



【中國科學報】長臂混元龍:一次意想不到的藍天之旅

文章來源:中國科學報 丁佳   發布時間:2019-05-10  【字號:     】  

  在關于對藍天的渴望方面,人類和恐龍并沒有什么區別。

  為了能飛到天上去看看,人類進行了大量的嘗試,最終發明了飛機;而恐龍在其演化歷程中,也曾進行過大量意想不到的適應飛行的嘗試——比人類更甚的是,它們連自己的樣子都改變了。

  5月9日,《自然》雜志的封面文章發表了中國科學院古脊椎動物與古人類研究所科研人員的一項研究成果,他們發現了一種生活在侏羅紀的長著膜質翅膀的恐龍,它為恐龍的飛行演化補上了缺失的一環。

  撲朔迷離的“四不像”

  在脊椎動物里,翼龍、鳥類和蝙蝠都能飛,但它們的演化過程是獨立的,各自的飛行結構也是形態迥異的。

  相較翼龍和蝙蝠不完整的化石記錄,隨著不斷發現的帶羽毛恐龍和早期鳥類化石,得益于我國中晚侏羅世的燕遼生物群和早白堊世的熱河生物群,有關鳥類飛行起源這一重要科學問題取得了重要進展。

  “尤其是恐龍家族里最為怪異的類群——善攀鳥龍類的發現,為我們揭示出了一條令人匪夷所思的征服藍天之旅。”中科院古脊椎所研究員徐星說。

  善攀鳥龍類的形態十分奇特,它們的頭骨高聳、四肢纖細,很像是恐龍和鳥類的“混合體”,一度被認為是跟鳥類具有最近親緣關系的獸腳類恐龍。

  迄今為止,這類生活在中—晚侏羅世的恐龍只發現了三個屬種——寧城樹棲龍、胡氏耀龍和奇翼龍。這類恐龍的標本也是要么不完整,要么屬于幼年個體,大量形態特征難以觀察,令其在演化樹上的位置撲朔迷離。

  尤其是2015年徐星等命名的奇翼龍,更為這一類群增添了神秘色彩。奇翼龍的前肢長著翼膜,還具有一根棒狀長骨,這樣的長骨在其他恐龍(包括鳥類)中都沒有類似的結構。徐星推測,奇翼龍“可能是以滑翔為主,輔助以撲翼飛行”。

  然而,奇翼龍的標本也只發現了一件,保存同樣并不完整,因此對于棒狀長骨和翼膜的結構,學界依然存有爭議。

  “神助攻”現身

  2017年,中科院院士周忠和帶領團隊在遼寧晚侏羅世地層考察時,獲得了一件新化石。經過長達一年的室內修理、實驗和對比研究,研究團隊認為它是一種新的善攀鳥龍類,科研人員將其命名為長臂渾元龍。

  “這只長臂渾元龍是目前已知最完整的善攀鳥龍類化石,它提供了大量形態和生態學信息。”周忠和說。

  這只生活在距今約1.63億年的渾元龍體長約32厘米,體重約306克,在很多形態方面明顯不同于其他善攀鳥龍類,卻具有原始鳥類那樣的尾綜骨。這種縮短的尾骨能進一步將身體重心前移,有利于在飛行或滑翔時保持穩定。

  更重要的是,研究人員在渾元龍上發現了和奇翼龍相似的棒狀長骨和翼膜,這一新發現為棒狀長骨和翼膜在善攀鳥龍類中的出現提供了確鑿無疑的證據。

  “此外,渾元龍體內保存有胃石和疑似尚未完全消化的骨質胃容物,這是在善攀鳥龍類中首次發現的與食性相關的證據,我們推測它是雜食性的。”中科院古脊椎所研究員王敏說。

  渾元龍的前肢異常加長,甚至超過了中生代多數鳥類。研究人員在對比恐龍前肢時,發現善攀鳥龍類的前肢比例構成非常奇特,那么,這樣的差異是否與翼膜的出現有關?

  驚鴻一瞥

  為了證實這一猜測,王敏對包括鳥類在內的中生代虛骨龍類進行了系統發育關系主成分分析研究。

  他們發現,善攀鳥龍類前肢的加長主要源自肱骨和尺骨;在鳥類、馳龍類或者傷齒龍類中,則是掌骨的加長,而這些類群的前肢是具有羽毛翅膀的。

  因此研究人員推斷,善攀鳥龍類通過加長的肱骨和尺骨、第三手指,與棒狀長骨來附著膜質的翅膀,而鳥類、馳龍類和傷齒龍類則需要較長的掌骨來附著飛羽。至此,“膜質翅膀+短掌骨”和“羽毛翅膀+長掌骨”兩種截然不同的身體結構,為人們展現出了兩種不同的飛行模式。

  然而,長臂渾元龍等善攀鳥龍可能只是動物飛行演化中的一次短暫嘗試。“因為已知的善攀鳥龍類均生活在晚侏羅世,在此之后的白堊紀恐龍中,這種類似的膜質翅膀就再也沒有出現過了。”王敏說。

  但在歷史長河的對岸,由飛羽構成的翅膀卻一直延續到了白堊紀,歷經漫長的演化形成了鳥類的羽翼,最終成功征服了藍天,并逐漸演化出多樣性最為豐富的現生四足動物。

  (原載于《中國科學報》 2019-05-10 第1版 要聞)



(責任編輯:侯茜)

附件:

專題推薦

相關新聞


© 1996 - 中國科學院 版權所有 京ICP備05002857號  京公網安備110402500047號  聯系我們

地址:北京市三里河路52號 郵編:100864

网易彩票www.061wy.com www.ey27.com | www.2660.vip | www.38834.com | www.007202.com | www.107922.com | www.319339.com | www.553771.com | www.3938.cm | www.33593.com | www.019240.com | www.128069.com | www.219002.com | www.338923.com | www.459544.com | www.574941.com | www.649566.com | www.896300.com | www.958881.com | www.998492.com | 466376.com | 678399.cc | 128694.com | 818合彩www.www.8000hc.com | www.lm38.com | www.77tm.cc | www.2592.org | www.44417.cc | www.038867.com | www.383862.com | www.862270.com | www.979093.com | 492033.com | 355984.com | 270752.com | www.da56.com | www.88ux.com | www.7168.in | www.41305.com | www.89539.com | www.072122.com | www.176822.com | 257603.com | 226055.com | 8号彩票www.81520u.com | www.iv67.com | www.74io.com | www.4962.cc | 爱彩www.6888ac.com | www.am08.cc | www.yn30.com | www.31if.com | www.72uj.com | www.12315.com | www.82332.cc | www.933603.com | www.965134.com | www.988714.com | 731878.com | 994392.com | 191229.com | www.fa49.com | www.0018.vip | www.7741.org | www.29733.com | www.86185.cc | www.009911.cc | www.075933.com | www.563684.com | www.982856.com | www.939536.com | www.903723.com | www.906163.com | www.869715.com | www.857288.com | www.110854.com | www.48728.com | www.29632.cc | www.mt22.cc | www.961340.com | www.737398.com | www.69179.com | 500万彩票www.35155y.com | www.632677.com | www.823643.com | www.745689.com | www.708752.com | www.654427.com | www.815322.com | www.781504.com | www.756608.com | www.837505.com | www.881708.com | www.784783.com | 367316.com | 易彩网www.36166f.com | 大赢家彩票平台www.976921.com | www.fo52.com | www.84ss.com | www.0572.org | www.7183.org | www.29961.cc | www.313022.com | www.844877.com | 947153.com | 981101.com | 788279.com | 500彩票www.346977.com | www.fy45.com | www.45iw.com | www.1214.org | www.14032.cc | www.41641.com | www.96217.cc | www.091183.com | www.168351.com | www.452972.com | www.622018.com | www.789274.com | 590274.com | 大赢家彩票平台www.289971.com | www.cp0152.com | www.yi42.com | www.15rg.com | www.1510.com | www.9998.biz | www.24360.com | www.78859.cc | www.087357.com | www.138305.com | www.534011.com | www.644916.com | 网易彩票www.093wy.com | www.22xb.com | www.73xf.com | www.32017.com | www.654441.com | www.cai333.com | www.q52.cn | www.76mq.com | www.2762.cn | www.5837.biz | www.8947.cc | www.32393.cc | www.066578.com | www.168577.com | www.973914.com | www.985264.com | cai3914.com | 170776.com | 760926.com | 355024.com | www.dz83.com | www.20sh.com | www.74dl.com | www.773.in | www.41629.com | www.031256.com | www.064229.com | www.173062.com | www.353090.com | www.393208.com | www.516192.com | www.558869.com | www.708023.com | www.883871.com | 936780.com | 245432.com | 500彩票www.550637.com | www.cai81.com | www.532975.com | www.994310.com | 7184.biz | 948203.com | am46.com | 393643.com | 869013.com | 爱彩乐www.635918.com | www.hh44.com | www.vi06.com | www.55iq.com | www.78721.cc | www.288825.com | www.372741.com | www.698018.com | www.862373.com | 072885.com | 511065.com | 653059.com | 500彩票www.330291.com | www.252929.com | www.280368.com | www.314791.com | www.333757.com | www.357623.com | www.473335.com | www.518899.cc | www.555338.com | 647313.com | www.57216.cc | www.106132.com | www.163826.com | www.362872.com | www.858597.com | 954723.com | 246186.com | 199270.com | 647696.com | 065239.com | 139294.com | 222945.com | 535692.com | www.683646.com | 彩客博www.8667s.com | 好彩头彩票www.90305a.com | 好运彩吧www.025938.com | www.pz19.cc | www.45po.com | www.30ax.com | www.33sn.com | www.38jl.com | www.44ia.com | www.30or.com | www.11sx.com | www.12zr.com | www.3br.cc | www.03so.com | www.w17.cc | www.55kg.com | www.1843.com | www.60146.com | www.005463.com | www.035508.com | www.051207.com | www.030451.com | www.018975.com | www.004756.com | www.008925.com | www.013336.com | www.92874.com | www.019735.com | www.077373.com | www.197080.com | www.225674.com | www.218627.com | www.029744.com | www.9484.xyz | www.12hi.com | www.626.cm | www.35691.cc | www.9850.org | www.4730.vip | www.9657.loan | www.10268.com | www.9661.vip | www.2958.net | www.4512.biz | www.356324.com | www.535546.com | www.553651.com | www.534318.com | www.511191.com | www.473216.com | www.595646.com | 077139.com | 607966.com | 642959.com | 452889.com | 220379.com | 964407.com | 970588.com | 966707.com | 4400.net | 348388.com | 8522.com | 975493.com | 968421.com | 069900.com | 375589.com | 971639.com | 665647.com | 460836.com | 211.hk | 97829.com | 9647.biz | nn98.cc | 930554.com | 952945.com | 9970.biz | 612707.com | 971523.com | 555066.cc | 586526.com | 356760.com | 026402.com | www.5440.in | www.2852.pw | www.36131.cc | www.13391.cc | www.8156.me | www.8232.cn | www.4385.cn | www.2605.cc | www.798.tv | www.16975.cc | www.237056.com | www.309318.com | www.414721.com | www.379457.com | www.459455.com | www.378926.com | www.432434.com | www.424243.com | www.346960.com | www.311949.com | www.285293.com | www.223470.com | www.213056.com | www.226685.com | www.218630.com | www.169824.com | www.352657.com | www.331789.com | www.277156.com | www.206654.com | www.148001.com | www.328722.com | www.312288.com | www.270630.com | www.221770.com | www.226285.com | www.178999.com | www.340700.com | www.sf75.cc | www.182808.com | www.327568.com | www.260908.com | www.263639.com | www.248359.com | www.185922.com | www.196779.com | www.157101.com | www.231856.com | www.179700.com | www.131092.com | www.041522.com | www.002303.com | www.71507.com | www.022605.com | 559616.com | 446236.com | 970145.com | 776326.com | 037757.com | 55506.cc | 713851.com | 543990.com | 388600.com | 610286.com | 024572.com | www.990574.com | www.898345.com | www.825909.com | www.810533.com | www.749912.com | www.666730.com | www.608606.com | www.659424.com | www.636790.com | www.609511.com | www.628910.com | www.593677.com | www.611994.com | www.611590.com | www.579755.com | www.502844.com | www.465685.com | www.931955.com | www.850913.com | www.950201.com | www.854097.com | www.888581.com | www.773792.com | www.693283.com | www.646957.com | www.813989.com | www.772197.com | www.751996.com | www.637572.com | www.678298.com | www.582389.com | www.549300.com | 789436.com | www.963901.com | www.947524.com | www.816598.com | www.758871.com | www.678067.com | www.569983.com | www.949132.com | 964202.com | 033829.com | 738647.com | 769209.com | 975384.com | 025357.com | www.980756.com | www.873335.com | www.868899.com | www.879759.com | www.871609.com | www.838363.com | www.848562.com | www.975714.com | www.870477.com | www.971774.com | www.883512.com | www.885106.com | www.761953.com | www.676600.com | www.588522.com | www.490125.com | www.355054.com | www.276281.com | www.195009.com | www.121966.com | www.003406.com | www.38388.cc | www.3600.org | www.43lc.com | www.029587.com | www.72257.cc | www.76038.com | www.52873.cc | www.96902.com | www.43894.com | www.09643.com | www.3783.org | www.16iy.com | www.mn84.com | www.wm60.com | www.cp3391.com | 天天中彩www.060899.com | www.67al.com | www.66vr.com | www.ph19.com | www.at71.com | 150321.com | 070164.com | 491406.com | 097122.com | 11914.com | www.961639.com | www.899667.com | www.911609.com | www.986529.com | www.871288.com | www.906596.com | www.757053.com | www.888064.com | www.976193.com | www.872060.com | www.871341.com | www.765597.com | 245479.com | 954292.com | 590070.com | 6595.biz | www.966775.com | www.822969.com | www.952096.com | www.813722.com | www.670305.com | www.667479.com | www.574182.com | www.903920.com | www.967745.com | www.812838.com | www.724316.com | www.621651.com | www.597848.com | www.455480.com | www.327382.com | www.334949.com | www.318247.com | www.187193.com | www.226491.com | www.102111.com | www.93520.com | www.134215.com | www.019270.com | www.43373.com | www.6654.cc | www.63lz.com | www.wz01.cc | 鑫彩网www.xcw866.com | 好运彩票www.999hy.cc | www.7116.cm | www.1162.vip | www.646.biz | www.30se.com | www.gq56.com | 大赢家彩票平台www.577837.com | 964208.com | 358464.com | www.985459.com | www.844872.com | www.873533.com | www.809326.com | www.670325.com | www.643808.com | www.742678.com | www.590471.com | www.888152.com | www.823987.com | www.762111.com | www.693146.com | 404000.cc | www.970684.com | www.803208.com | www.778469.com | www.668366.com | www.535859.com | www.375815.com | www.206298.com | www.041559.com | www.38116.cc | www.2313.net | www.10zm.com | www.43wi.com | www.uq24.com | 982802.com | 875348.com | www.793009.com | www.706277.com | www.531670.com | www.372589.com | www.365739.cc | www.288679.com | www.123002.cc | www.240.cm | www.180576.com | www.268716.com | www.265762.com | www.088676.com | www.41770.com | www.4201.top | www.00gm.cc | www.cp8112.com | 500彩票网www.65707k.com | 707570.com | 951294.com | 755778.com | 274285.com | www.964032.com | www.776483.com | www.626682.com | www.456940.com | www.298569.com | www.133718.com | www.314732.com | www.141151.com | www.073600.com | www.42221.cc | www.40909.com | www.4421.cn | www.12st.com | 大赢家彩票平台www.978127.com | 207975.com | 683246.com | www.952948.com | www.754746.com | www.580415.com | www.890804.com | www.678571.com | www.494952.com | www.293895.com | www.231990.com | www.119968.com | www.68651.cc | www.8530.wang | www.78rh.com | www.r65.cn | 幸运彩票www.73166d.com | 901498.com | 585574.com | 9673.biz | www.960167.com | www.756335.com | www.562501.com | www.340995.com | www.504751.com | www.279906.com | www.108697.com | www.58471.com | www.45511.cc | www.766993.com | www.604110.com | www.384111.com | www.626965.com | www.638194.com | www.577750.com | www.365475.cc | www.349032.com | www.181012.com | www.279376.com | www.123278.com | www.83438.com | www.41704.com | www.9260.org | www.12xv.com | 彩民网www.76520w.com | 429646.com | www.975184.com | www.190759.com | www.881346.com | www.733322.cc | www.573609.com | www.347259.com | www.363119.com | www.219316.com | www.024776.com | www.33552.com | www.75200.com | www.399001.com | www.330357.com | www.136391.com | www.029743.com | www.9889.vip | www.48md.com | 500彩票www.602465.com | GO彩www.dan03.com | 899812.com | 793377.com | www.930315.com | www.678978.com | www.532573.com | www.310118.com | www.111111.cc | www.41346.com | www.018.cc | www.g85.club | www.90tkz.com | 106014.com | 09568.cc | 157772.com | zo36.com | www.810903.com | www.441332.com | www.085588.com | www.5675.top | www.825.me | www.52hx.cc | www.cp3662.com | 853614.com | 949337.com | cai49.com | www.874174.com | www.978124.com | www.751762.com | www.541144.com | www.299989.com | www.111545.com | www.56871.com | www.004860.com | www.19637.cc | www.3899.cc | www.32qv.com | www.6271.xyz | www.f14.cn | 凤凰彩票www.5091d.com | 985490.com | www.948465.com | www.957935.com | www.710907.com | www.739924.com | www.562030.com | www.361573.com | www.255233.com | www.047491.com | www.7476.cc | www.89.com | 盛彩网www.41518z.com | www.2097.vip | www.228727.com | www.017609.com | www.9750.in | www.56gx.com | www.3cb.cc | 五彩堂www.898418.com | www.5wk.com | www.994354.com | www.735678.com | www.465780.com | www.201799.com | www.012598.com | www.4737.biz | www.08fx.com | 大赢家彩票平台www.853530.com | 708332.com | www.958557.com | www.678406.com | www.382146.com | www.267571.com | www.032253.com | www.6746.vip | www.02nk.com | 幸运彩票www.luck887.com | 63654.com | www.993340.com | www.731588.com | www.500977.cc | www.209025.com | www.102940.com | www.12578.com | www.128973.com | www.40022.cc | www.33md.cc | 500彩票www.66653m.com | 976042.com | www.891989.com | www.707375.com | www.500861.com | www.259540.cc | www.058970.com | www.6754.vip | www.ws71.com | 358193.com | 74wd.com | www.860299.com | www.787912.com | www.545255.com | www.308848.com | www.604861.com | www.330027.com | www.169075.com | www.78035.cc | www.7586.org | www.zx05.com | 365538.cc | 953453.com | www.935329.com | www.685086.com | www.385499.com | www.477430.com | www.312361.com | www.60334.com | www.94bv.com | 快彩在线www.2632c.com | 952636.com | 486258.com | www.789338.com | www.516700.com | www.226645.com | www.076175.com | www.6990.shop | www.qm52.com | 冠赢彩票www.526650.com | www.368856.com | www.455827.com | www.158108.com | www.007919.com | www.3377.mobi | www.90tq.com | www.121741.com | www.14641.com | www.41fc.com | www.4350.win | www.ko70.com | 984943.com | 114166.com | www.789536.com | www.483693.com | www.181140.com | www.062400.com | www.8691.cn | www.d24.com | 324250.com | 294880.com | www.774662.com | www.517375.com | www.265362.com | www.97577.cc | www.3201.vip | www.112981.com | www.8048.vip | www.lk91.com | 980746.com | www.980790.com | www.679777.com | www.383216.com | www.268916.com | www.018683.com | www.5533.win | www.kh14.com | 158709.com | www.997772.cc | www.692652.com | www.619015.com | www.439105.com | www.139020.com | www.018470.com | www.9910.com | www.e16.club | ze02.com | www.946337.com | www.611558.com | www.302245.com | www.022541.com | www.1490.biz | www.mw90.com | 体彩网www.3890m.com | 809676.com | www.772442.com | www.425406.com | www.234048.com | www.79699.cc | www.229.la | www.dy52.com | 968034.com | www.871388.com | www.489051.com | www.095201.com | www.2164.vip | www.35jy.com | 366997.com | 457981.com | www.800635.com | 017964.com | www.766256.com | www.400799.com | www.379576.com | www.143866.com | www.52880.com | www.843.cn | www.vo1.com | 754538.com | 123005.cc | www.720999.com | www.334429.com | www.108958.com | www.5940.vip | www.tv.com | 579370.com | www.918994.com | www.576364.com | www.289234.com | www.010287.com | www.950.bid | www.lf85.com | 967936.com | www.896536.com | www.502113.com | www.154115.com | www.34073.com | www.w55.me | www.0627.net | www.dp68.com | 061029.com | www.811887.com | www.479501.com | www.120377.com | www.4735.top | 500彩票www.330895.com | www.10av.com | 569027.com | www.905792.com | www.536701.com | www.147060.com | www.34395.com | www.225068.com | www.44527.com | www.lu36.com | 818378.com | www.800170.com | www.683955.com | www.308706.com | www.76793.com | www.4233.vip | 大赢家彩票www.394511.com | 610075.com | www.873122.com | www.621927.com | www.309355.com | www.54075.com | www.x06.cn | 438005.com | www.ft34.com | pk78.com | www.755352.com | www.334174.com | www.687739.com | www.496903.com | www.200707.com | www.086276.com | www.366585.com | www.744033.com | www.488061.com | www.330161.com | www.96477.cc | www.4065.cm | www.15hq.com | 944022.com | www.379412.com | 好彩www.60123g.com | www.367003.com | www.rc7.cc | www.453777.com | www.ds3.com | www.453523.com | www.cp6368.com | www.461800.com | www.kx5.com | www.542322.com | www.9wj.com | www.736159.com | www.2537.cc | www.842138.com | www.11127.cc | www.bt96.cc | www.639740.com | 488308.com | www.868253.com | www.820303.com | www.751629.com | www.863876.com | www.733223.com | www.648065.com | www.526622.com | www.294167.com | www.089469.com | www.71007.com | www.03380.com | www.86rm.com | www.oj93.com | 961934.com | 554180.com | www.890935.com | 019563.com | www.956611.com | www.791777.com | www.605711.com | www.590713.com | www.534670.cc | www.673698.com | www.353603.com | www.151817.com | www.266220.com | www.034929.com | www.6779.com | www.ww87.com | 450739.com | 987845.com | www.832823.com | www.573538.com | www.260798.com | www.286198.com | www.039471.com | www.5871.biz | www.rg28.com | www.48219.com | www.37255.com | www.42ew.com | www.ok0110.com | 579352.com | www.856082.com | www.916375.com | www.665689.com | www.533669.com | www.232552.com | www.81181.com | www.141888.com | www.139340.com | www.213356.com | www.029220.com | www.9654.wang | www.999907.cc | www.82193.com | 037518.com | www.038603.com | 90494.com | www.534420.com | www.602096.com | www.279693.com | www.141252.com | www.016523.com | www.2870.net | www.02ku.com | 亿彩堂www.952856.com | 452214.com | www.913228.com | www.639344.com | www.586014.com | www.878731.com | 965535.com | 539534.com | 251217.com | www.921833.com | www.597696.com | www.329172.com | www.499715.com | www.279695.com | www.023733.com | www.3883.in | www.sm43.com | 80pj.cc | 658089.com | www.775669.com | www.692142.com | www.534502.com | www.509851.com | www.228572.com | www.003507.com | www.9486.cc | www.24677.com | www.016573.com | www.4809.org | www.dz76.com | 082602.com | msc33.com | 082031.com | www.926579.com | www.888964.com | www.598036.com | www.299128.com | www.055198.com | www.509478.com | www.238290.com | www.003070.com | www.4403.vip | www.7pz.cc | 大玩家彩票www.9478n.com | www.90ke.com | 500彩票网www.681090.com | 178616.com | 001274.com | www.890428.com | www.593777.com | www.512558.com | www.339218.com | www.325354.com | www.051689.com | www.6679.net | www.le04.com | 198104.com | 588336.com | 959734.com | www.886778.com | www.734829.com | www.440156.com | www.288994.com | www.051504.com | www.6427.pw | www.7dr.com | 网易彩票www.096wy.com | 459261.com | www.917575.com | www.662707.com | www.574404.com | www.263820.com | www.024485.com | www.3285.cc | www.kc79.com | 568802.com | www.38818.cc | www.2964.biz | www.dk13.com | 067673.com | www.962349.com | www.706027.com | www.655980.com | www.667077.com | www.341880.com | www.082159.com | www.267871.com | www.112808.com | www.20268.com | www.nw32.com | 150278.com | www.994296.com | www.722663.com | www.651966.com | www.041098.com | 010382.com | www.008304.com | 789038.com | www.013570.com | www.971646.com | www.37838.com | 141798.com | www.080509.com | 220433.com | www.017637.com | www.127216.com | 112043.com | www.117287.com | 梦想彩票www.33112j.com | www.710864.com | www.7192.pw | www.872469.com | www.63996.cc | www.388455.com | www.qr00.com | www.555529.com | www.hx67.com | www.526910.com | www.b66.top | www.556097.com | www.fq50.com | www.389966.cc | www.gg60.com | www.488190.com | www.618167.com | www.76yl.com | www.695783.com | www.40hk.com | www.576147.com | www.07vm.com | www.569783.com | www.ns00.com | www.391268.com | www.6288.bid | www.752930.com | www.9858.net | www.827878.com | www.2603.pw | www.703838.cc | www.19wb.com | www.622011.com | www.751845.com | www.400914.com | www.273546.com | www.048486.com | www.7208.cm | www.tp99.com | 1130.pw | www.979194.com | www.653895.com | www.591113.com | www.678710.com | www.375315.com | www.110399.com | www.9971.top | www.17rw.com | www.3hl.cc | qf83.com | www.976608.com | www.650772.com | www.703958.com | www.470831.com | www.207455.com | www.52296.cc | www.40722.com | www.08cn.com | 369436.com | 973726.com | www.820369.com | www.654169.com | www.508955.com | www.130687.com | www.535376.com | www.829175.com | www.548568.com | www.197786.com | www.89672.com | www.74qf.com | www.cp5539.com | 45335.com | www.862304.cc | www.629933.com | www.565693.com | www.219722.com | www.175961.com | www.058409.com | www.048155.com | www.6472.cn | www.ij61.com | 842159.com | 249228.com | www.790692.com | www.607628.com | www.317085.com | www.070992.com | www.6850.vip | www.yr31.com | 976575.com | 497664.com | www.839811.com | www.788667.com | www.822538.com | www.824559.com | www.542036.com | www.450541.com | www.199356.com | www.174108.com | www.049416.com | www.5919.xyz | www.ad.cc | www.ze9.cc | 324685.com | www.827411.com | www.479102.com | www.159091.com | www.053037.com | www.462.in | www.mc1.com | 354324.com | www.866382.com | www.836543.com | www.662672.com | www.398823.com | www.087599.com | www.2664.xyz | www.31xs.cc | 鑫彩网www.xcw866.com | 972576.com | www.799520.com | www.465896.com | www.340922.com | www.99274.com | www.493.com | www.26pz.com | 346376.com | 287820.com | www.777954.com | www.386216.com | www.181271.com | www.055831.com | www.2851.pw | 吉利彩票www.66376m.com | 121429.com | www.871623.com | www.545174.com | www.212005.com | www.000774.com | www.2864.cc | www.25yb.com | 858457.com | www.965791.com | www.599274.com | www.719911.com | www.363257.com | www.346742.com | www.002980.com | www.90xa.com | www.xe4.com | 657150.com | www.898257.com | www.626221.com | www.562077.com | www.148521.com | www.097833.com | www.22339.cc | www.kx26.com | www.024632.com | www.640.mobi | www.bb.com | 338490.com | www.984268.com | www.688083.com | www.332365.cc | www.94057.com | www.72jw.com | 834234.com | www.961913.com | www.619927.com | www.43788.com | www.731587.com | www.371076.com | www.071852.com | www.1626.org | www.pc07.com | 915975.com | www.968794.com | www.568047.com | www.710938.com | www.311619.com | www.78935.cc | www.33894.com | www.h02.top | 967125.com | www.843342.com | www.703117.com | www.296111.cc | www.72238.com | www.810381.com | www.696700.com | www.298230.com | www.44175.com | www.g25.club | 689879.com | www.953857.com | www.560090.com | www.130666.cc | www.86698.com | www.19nl.com | 807913.com | www.54qv.com | 065205.com | 331113.com | www.659773.com | www.523928.com | www.146145.com | www.6862.in | 258607.com | www.893368.com | www.612707.com | www.451235.com | www.042847.com | www.5555.cx | 中彩网www.61233p.com | 771347.com | www.774749.com | www.352948.com | www.349158.com | www.6287.vip | 500彩票www.324977.com | www.amjs.com | www.610758.com | www.328308.com | www.227534.com | www.698372.com | www.312327.com | www.65112.cc | www.j77.cc | 794699.com | www.860544.com | www.691016.com | 090118.com | www.953747.com | www.512073.com | www.072036.com | www.097558.com | www.6139.net | www.146955.com | www.2115.cc | 大赢家彩票平台www.378135.com | 443992.com | www.639904.com | www.539831.com | www.262640.com | www.999613.com | www.587067.com | www.579404.com | www.228316.com | www.009313.com | www.42zx.com | www.26qj.com | 657435.com | www.872274.com | www.588499.com | www.506278.com | www.128703.com | www.385728.com | www.337708.com | www.71805.com | www.p00.top | 234144.com | www.771930.com | www.347062.com | www.104658.com | www.99vj.com | www.sl51.com | 994395.com | www.844139.com | www.567969.com | www.717825.com | www.276708.com | www.13423.com | www.cy3.cc | 628517.com | www.702283.com | www.323246.com | www.273063.com | www.13938.com | www.52hg.cc | 089428.com | 659354.com | www.804232.com | www.498584.com | www.401500.com | www.134931.com | www.7733.wang | www.ig56.com | 862577.com | www.974494.com | www.667222.com | www.456322.com | www.046466.com | www.16ch.com | www.04184.com | www.586724.com | www.157525.com | www.6434.vip | 853937.com | www.964454.com | www.563871.com | 323491.com | www.811211.com | www.349300.com | www.66047.com | www.12pm.com | 984758.com | www.880094.com | www.581272.com | www.383737.com | www.100092.cc | www.0326.cn | www.cp6558.com | 803379.com | www.679361.com | www.215573.com | www.8221.loan | 好彩www.60123w.com | www.969321.com | www.517244.com | www.062845.com | www.918072.com | www.446855.com | www.129705.com | www.4253.vip | 500万彩票www.96386f.com | www.427006.com | www.661466.com | www.360085.com | www.134541.com | www.08900.com | www.cb32.com | www.77546.com | www.6831.xyz | 950537.com | www.905378.com | www.671419.com | www.329625.com | www.58175.cc | www.35ff.com | 884299.com | www.798388.com | www.429016.com | www.566610.com | www.118245.com | www.159.win | 448885.cc | www.882540.com | www.727078.com | www.322648.com | www.177971.com | www.3171.top | www.788tm.com | www.962754.com | www.581189.com | www.123369.com | www.69755.com | www.45mi.com | 495282.com | www.754631.com | www.257326.com | www.48523.com | www.5ha.com | 778151.com | www.681434.com | www.195350.com | www.3397.win | www.cai876.com | www.273908.com | www.9972.loan | 500彩票www.348677.com | www.970559.com | www.962459.com | www.512530.com | www.148963.com | www.46528.com | www.we75.com | 004756.com | www.684484.com | www.189622.com | www.3310.pro | www.47924.cc | www.965674.com | www.627236.com | www.268840.com | www.9471.com | 401258.com | www.268593.com | www.258861.com | www.7450.cn | 天际彩票www.tj52.com | www.965490.com | www.606447.com | www.366908.com | www.96664.cc | www.1333.vip | 554506.com | www.972740.com | www.493547.com | www.91128.com | www.1345.hk | 030790.com | www.959743.com | www.561068.com | www.080333.com | www.055.date | 656908.com | www.874729.com | www.502411.com | www.087577.com | www.11oy.com | 891841.com | www.660347.com | www.156960.com | www.88975.cc | www.86575.com | www.tg85.com | 432499.com | www.621306.com | www.363643.com | www.144298.com | www.026812.com | www.19kd.com | 620046.com | www.910379.com | www.393068.com | www.938386.com | www.676519.com | www.268753.com | www.7288.me | www.vf07.com | 153078.com | www.749039.com | www.207669.com | www.1416.me | 502208.com | www.896623.com | www.677541.com | www.197247.com | www.0944.me | www.yc65.cc | 286474.com | www.706448.com | www.237894.com | www.6326.vip | www.03dm.com | 83mc.com | www.786952.com | www.307144.com | www.126495.com | www.54bs.com | 079082.com | 783894.com | www.20ik.com | 864608.com | www.770356.com | www.248811.com | www.6740.org | 871819.com | www.894622.com | www.595642.com | www.092259.com | www.22bd.com | 4155.com | www.uo27.com | 677586.com | www.691018.com | www.235632.com | www.31568.com | www.5ds.cc | 727645.com | www.667286.com | www.128743.com | www.223916.com | www.3008.pw | 博汇www.865807.com | www.976328.com | www.501822.com | www.003070.com | www.lc41.com | 582721.com | www.731669.com | www.287715.com | www.9945.win | 利彩www.57578f.com | www.939350.com | www.427955.com | www.503886.com | www.182098.com | www.13666.cc | 751428.com | www.904282.com | www.720155.com | www.215044.com | www.8545.loan | 861118.cc | www.835323.com | www.355849.com | www.66033.cc | www.257529.com | www.36952.cc | 凤凰彩票www.606920.com | 413617.com | 077693.com | www.860917.com | www.399623.com | www.375100.com | www.111624.com | www.0887.loan | 875021.com | www.947315.com | www.396490.com | www.167813.com | www.32317.cc | 彩客网www.606255.com | 371882.com | www.655484.com | www.420061.com | www.63102.com | www.b62.top | 369084.com | www.773776.com | www.253823.com | www.937076.com | www.372666.cc | www.006497.com | www.fz38.com | 5186.biz | www.671607.com | www.236527.com | www.2347.com | 288717.com | www.947739.com | www.427098.com | www.679342.com | www.784180.com | www.333385.com | www.19145.com | www.jn25.com | 988349.com | www.561819.com | www.206296.com | www.386.website | 079002.com | www.897464.com | www.315820.com | www.7626.vip | 976864.com | www.805255.com | www.501520.com | www.062875.com | www.6te.com | 026833.com | www.553285.com | www.180082.com | www.137043.com | www.25ip.com | 544180.com | www.566610.com | www.325354.com | www.19921.cc | www.fi67.com | www.ia3.cc | www.926245.com | www.467133.com | www.010198.com | www.va12.com | 454233.com | www.561418.com | www.98850.com | www.cp316.com | 769059.com | www.632213.com | www.383596.com | www.101832.com | www.8fa.com | 215000.cc | 4651.biz | www.593383.com | www.019320.com | www.mg0.com | 福彩www.26878g.com | www.956864.com | www.487611.com | www.006313.com | www.d85.site | www.cai4955.com | www.1843.net | 126992.com | www.809823.com | www.222162.com | www.599.host | 鸿利彩票www.588088.com | www.938615.com | www.319620.com | www.4177.vip | 266552.com | www.932796.com | www.503916.com | www.154256.com | www.93gb.com | 311668.com | www.13555.cc | 009791.com | www.820515.com | www.627393.com | www.158954.com | www.28178.com | 963971.com | www.771230.com | www.241671.com | www.1338.xyz | 651445.com | www.858239.com | www.384877.com | www.22935.cc | 735936.com | www.811393.com | www.314989.com | www.2709.cm | www.cp6286.com | www.989255.com | www.386180.com | www.227969.com | www.1045.cm | 500万彩票www.98528f.com | www.803685.com | www.205215.com | www.sz88.com | www.164047.cc | www.44646.cc | 267756.com | www.813606.com | www.650899.com | www.309848.com | www.24322.cc | 161028.com | www.848476.com | www.447823.com | www.293225.com | www.1113.pw | 791995.com | www.751983.com | www.235905.com | www.0627.vip | 796940.com | www.770206.com | www.151057.com | www.4248.cc | www.cai6088.com | www.990352.com | www.368086.com | www.002277.com | www.dk79.com | www.54848.com | www.jp72.com | 5157.cc | www.617112.com | www.231089.com | www.9814.vip | 761154.com | www.763978.com | www.155623.com | www.009219.com | www.su82.com | 487016.com | www.530034.com | www.82000.cc | www.90om.com | 578787.com | www.656493.com | www.267262.com | www.1412.vip | 629750.com | www.767875.com | www.418223.com | www.39208.com | www.vg15.com | 506648.com | www.554441.com | www.160337.com | www.101745.com | www.c1.me | www.518760.com | www.46727.com | www.2020.pro | 769036.com | www.605622.com | www.190542.com | www.217098.com | www.1380.cm | 500彩票www.66653r.com | www.122526.com | www.j11.xyz | www.959045.com | www.611434.com | www.216196.com | www.283932.com | www.6280.top | 三星娱乐www.sxyl2.com | www.791555.com | www.222389.com | www.0635.vip | www.po19.com | www.969370.com | www.252336.com | www.186101.com | www.83xv.com | 326344.com | www.725398.com | www.120107.com | www.253.in | 962062.com | www.725953.com | www.099604.com | www.35dh.com | 76176.com | www.631571.com | www.141455.com | www.1414.net | 404338.com | www.868517.com | www.569890.com | www.68747.com | www.ji68.com | www.956253.com | www.296705.com | www.722.win | 528135.com | www.jx52.com | 908331.com | www.543891.com | www.567049.com | www.635493.com | www.119609.com | www.uc33.com | www.987625.com | www.631965.com | 199648.com | www.495500.com | www.00672.com | www.089209.com | www.mn94.com | 731878.com | www.454557.com | www.9932.in | 597227.com | www.610533.com | www.403886.com | www.71676.com | www.0470.mobi | www.98498.com | www.731954.com | www.151093.com | www.33ab.com | www.8ed.com | www.987111.cc | www.308365.com | www.90293.com | 019584.com | www.397377.com | www.130644.com | www.yj46.com | www.825663.com | www.150990.com | www.23dd.com | www.978591.com | www.620976.com | www.336004.com | www.1462.cn | 809522.com | www.770006.com | www.265144.com | www.53975.cc | www.en24.com | 710607.com | 500彩票www.924377.com | 436098.com | www.489855.cc | www.7762.vip | 535961.com | www.595916.com | www.008131.com | 3158彩票www.cp3158.cc | www.739356.com | www.061177.com | www.rn1.com | www.868424.com | www.396388.com | www.50014.com | www.yk81.com | www.910217.com | www.481205.com | www.8427.cc | 541236.com | www.790344.com | www.131270.com | www.01jm.com | www.949577.com | www.561503.com | www.033781.com | www.dn94.com | www.919573.com | www.279592.com | www.55pz.cc | 367079.com | 912267.com | www.269135.com | www.wz39.cc | www.784241.com | www.367189.com | www.02688.com | www.sm26.com | www.882429.com | www.493915.com | www.60156.com | www.31yn.com | 4097.biz | www.408765.com | www.377999.com | www.3337.pw | www.0751.site | 222342.com | www.523786.com | www.16837.cc | 833917.com | www.552336.com | www.443633.com | www.11106.com | 180331.com | www.653680.com | www.088477.com | www.pt52.com | www.308978.com | www.81wv.com | 309739.com | www.924849.com | www.460998.com | www.213303.com | www.76.org | www.948614.com | www.227811.com | www.050335.com | 幸运彩票www.338785.com | www.791554.com | www.481258.com | www.7821.biz | 95556.cc | www.458486.com | www.182801.com | www.xz44.com | www.919455.com | www.220406.com | www.l49.cc | www.911348.com | www.175352.com | www.0401.top | 963061.com | 150182.com | www.388497.com | www.083195.com | www.fh08.com | www.894984.com | www.221633.com | www.888793.com | www.730097.com | www.316127.com | www.5249.com | 339108.com | www.567969.com | www.361592.com | www.118245.com | www.lr76.com | www.954698.com | www.289633.com | www.758821.com | www.094844.com | www.mn82.com | www.998875.com | www.219468.com | www.984011.com | www.350435.com | www.401853.com | www.59308.com | 920578.com | www.847891.com | www.544252.com | www.89065.com | 239348.com | www.730768.com | www.028649.com | www.539324.com | www.635967.com | www.097698.com | www.k70.net | 004245.com | www.362229.com | www.007357.com | www.043.red | 663609.com | www.737731.com | www.108464.com | www.zq92.com | www.951524.com | www.258527.com | www.22tu.cc | www.987034.com | www.335992.com | www.8547.org | 新盈彩www.xinyc3.com | www.897491.com | www.216175.com | www.33ed.com | www.7wx.cc | 198264.cc | www.690509.com | www.176205.com | www.577672.com | www.314492.com | www.15lw.com | www.985401.com | www.202358.com | www.26oj.com | www.87nr.com | 502444.com | www.299388.com | www.yf43.com | www.771210.com | www.350390.com | www.85qv.com | www.880842.com | www.083793.com | 547886.com | www.661012.com | www.36863.com | 13434.com | www.611734.com | www.020455.com | 864659.com | www.371585.com | www.121117.com | www.16ut.com | 447080.com | www.379762.com | www.36354.com | www.ct93.com | www.889601.com | www.266566.cc | www.3275.cn | 701157.com | www.692777.com | www.002402.com | www.fe94.com | www.883695.com | www.613759.com | www.050027.com | 大赢家彩票平台www.223705.com | www.764504.com | www.066037.com | www.92ms.com | 367448.com | www.362955.com | www.61335.cc | www.cp416.com | www.887679.com | www.556275.com | www.21pj.cc | www.808178.com | www.277038.com | www.799610.com | www.865410.com | www.282802.com | www.0381.cc | 605888.com | www.715730.com | www.039293.com | www.zu.com | www.871698.com | www.317921.com | www.67gj.com | www.974098.com | www.354883.com | www.6693.pw | 723323.com | www.819353.com | www.333781.com | www.718234.com | www.290739.com | www.l40.net | www.950822.com | www.167067.com | www.480020.com | www.1103.in | 058279.com | www.792137.com | www.131677.com | www.83zw.com | 406882.com | www.565085.com | www.8528.cn | 357273.com | www.567144.com | www.989952.com | www.286583.com | www.00bh.com | www.859889.com | www.439243.com | www.7951.org | 787484.com | www.336722.com | www.3791.cc | www.zm62.com | www.865363.com | www.138060.com | www.lu75.com | 663403.com | www.790697.com | www.592329.com | www.3954.cc | www.938333.com | www.121571.com | 706438.com | www.548313.com | www.3263.cn | www.982879.com | www.131411.com | www.cp9656.com | www.654343.com | www.117330.com | www.cai4447.com | www.701399.com | www.33927.com | zo01.com | www.505633.com | www.6780.pw | www.402473.com | www.37221.cc | 695520.com | www.546026.com | www.98333.com | 500万彩票www.35155b.com | www.714176.com | www.009916.com | 中彩网www.81233q.com | www.727330.com | www.088827.com | www.941.in | 899458.com | www.543874.com | www.47300.com | www.830851.com | www.094368.com | www.2002.hk | tl42.com | www.390896.com | www.7316.vip | 812799.com | www.649069.com | www.067004.com | www.ho74.com | 亿博彩票www.65yb.com | www.727111.cc | www.055700.com | www.ry71.com | www.849225.com | www.219834.com | www.c38.host | www.821682.com | www.000222.com | 网易彩票www.560692.com | www.716595.com | www.99183.cc | 972704.com | www.742211.com | www.074342.com | www.25ye.com | www.805007.com | www.581763.com | www.492012.com | www.334.biz | 659449.com | www.560389.com | www.001283.com | 365954.cc | www.623677.com | www.018092.com | www.pn76.com | www.898186.com | www.144368.com | www.ep81.com | www.922309.com | www.113143.com | 500彩票www.338073.com | www.646164.com | www.013066.com | www.79re.com | www.981191.com | www.140098.com | www.lg34.com | www.934935.com | www.411374.com | www.7400.in | 5465.com | www.237507.com | www.2040.in | 388573.com | www.432333.com | www.78xe.com | 909898.cc | www.293235.com | www.kt73.com | www.798056.com | www.043214.com | 487198.com | www.654952.com | www.095675.com | 194258.com | www.643481.com | www.033745.com | 968486.com | www.546342.com | www.0150.net | 477012.com | www.582606.com | www.89874.com | 662150.com | www.372531.com | www.98to.com | 912093.com | www.355115.com | www.9av.cc | www.833979.com | www.000446.com | cai3452.com | www.429283.com | www.66fh.cc | www.825221.com | www.89932.com | 913347.com | www.785199.com | www.010002.com | www.tz11.com | www.976978.com | www.127945.com | www.66nsb.com | www.566917.com | www.3021.cc | 43867.com | www.244659.com | www.8095.vip | www.995588.cc | www.133553.com | 购彩在线www.66332x.com | 794301.com | www.507192.com | www.94ol.com | 388090.com | www.295018.com | www.25822.com | 982431.com | www.257095.com | www.cai661.cc | www.610223.com | www.000017.com | 906478.com | 925156.com | www.575379.com | www.034.date | 241608.com | www.269218.com | www.jt9.com | www.652971.com | www.28376.cc | 653983.com | www.267519.com | www.cai000.cc | www.629993.com | www.51361.cc | 642125.com | www.333717.com | www.rw60.com | www.677008.com | www.069633.com | www.01313.cc | 964206.com | www.523281.com | www.24bc.com | www.770389.com | www.35532.com | 081144.com | www.456818.com | www.158282.com | 大众彩票www.